What is green coffee and its global consumption?
Green coffee – What is it?
Green coffee is unroasted coffee bean in which coffee cherries being harvested from coffee farms will be dried under direct sunlight or in industrial dryers and ground into separate green beans. Green coffee beans also have other common names such as raw coffee beans, unroasted coffee beans or unprocessed coffee beans. Green coffee has two main varieties named Arabica and Robusta with different grades and sizes. Normally, a coffee fruit will contribute two green coffee beans.
How many types of green coffee beans are there?
Basically, green coffee has two main types which are green Arabica and green Robusta. Arabica coffee is planted in mountainous regions from 1,000 meter high above sea level (asl.) with cool climate and big gap of day-vs-night temperature. Arabica has five main kinds including Caturra, Bourbon, Mocha, Typica and Catimor. Unlike arabica, robusta coffee trees are grown up in low-lands and hillsides with more sunshines and higher temperature. Robusta is robust and strong against diseases. Besides, there is a not much popular type named excelsa coffee.
After grinding dried coffee fruits, we have green coffee beans and coffee pulps. Thoes green coffee beans are generally called bulk beans or unsized beans because the beans are of different sizes and quality. Upon buyer’s request, bulk beans will be sorted and defined into different coffee beans of different sizes. The premium ones will be screen #16, screen #18 and screen #19, screen #20. However, in Vietnam’s grading system, screen #16 and screen #18 are two most popular ones to make roasted coffee whole beans. With beans of smaller sizes such as screen #14 and screen #15 of lower quality are usually used as a mixing ingredient to reduce prices. Or screen #13 is widely used to make instant coffee powder.
In addition to Arabica, Robusta and Excelsa, we sometimes hear of the word “peaberry coffee”. Peaberry, in deed, is not a coffee variety. Otherwise, it is a special coffee bean with only one seed (or one-seeded coffee bean). It is usual that a coffee fruit will have two beans. With several special coffee fruits, the two beans will be mergered together to form only one bean and that’s we call one-seeded bean or peaberry. With the same understanding, we will have peaberry Arabica, peaberry Robusta and peaberry Excelsa.
Main characteristics of green coffee beans?
One may store green coffees for a long period of time in which the flavors still remain just because of low moisture of the beans (varying from 12% to 13%). Depending on customer’s request, raw coffee beans can be polished or not polished. Coffee today is the world’s most consumed drink; thus, trading volume of green coffee beans is very huge. On the world’s commodities market, green coffee has been widely traded just after crude oil. Green coffee beans are usually traded through commodities trading floors with different trading tools and options.
Green coffee beans in Vietnam?
- Vietnam is the world’s second largest coffee producer and number #1 in robusta.
- Yearly average volume >1.2 million tons and upto 1.5 to 1.7 million tons.
- > 95% of coffee planted in 5 main provinces in Central Highlands, Vietnam.
- > 95% of coffee planted in Vietnam are robusta coffee.
- 95% of Vietnamese coffee export are green coffees.
- 5% – 8% are domestic consumption percentage of Vietnam.
- Vietnam has already exported its green coffee to most parts of the world.
- America and Germany are two main coffee buyers of Vietnam.
Main usages of green coffee?
- Green coffee is the main ingredient to make roasted coffees and instant coffees.
- Green coffee can be extracted to have green coffee extract for weight loss.
- Green coffee can be decaffeinated to make decaf coffee for a more healthy cup.
- Green coffee is packed in jute bags or PP bags; 60 Kg each, GBE.
- Vietnam’s container loading: 18 MT to 20 MT/ container 20ft.
Quality and quantity verification.
- In Vietnam, green coffee is independently verified by 3rd independent party – CAFECONTROL.
- Quality specifications of green coffee are conformed to: TCVN 4193:2005, approved by VICOFA and ICO.
How to buy green coffee from GREENRAWCOFFEE?
With the experiences in the industry of green coffees for years, we have been supplied most common types of raw coffee beans from arabica, robusta and peaberry of different sizes and quality for export. In details:
- Green Arabica Coffee Beans of Screen #16 and Screen #18.
- Green Robusta Coffee Beans of Screen #18; Screen #16 and Screen #13.
- Green Peaberry Coffee Beans.
We source coffee beans directly from local farms in the main coffee growing regions with commpetitive prices:
- Sourcing center for Arabica and Robusta: Duc Trong, Lam Dong, Central Highlands, Vietnam.
- Sourcing center for Robusta: Buon Ma Thuot, Daklak and Pleiku, Gia Lai, Vietnam.
Please contact us asap for latest quote and further discussion.